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Saturday, 8 August 2020

Hundreds protest Wisconsin's mask mandate at anti-mask rally


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The Way I See It Official Trailer


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7L4ktHbelhc via /r/movies https://ift.tt/2PAeFlA

My gfs dog, Molly.


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Cat trying to pet the bird as gentle as possible


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Days after photos of packed hallways go viral, Paulding County High School in Georgia reports 9 COVID-19 cases


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Apple Takes Legal Action Against This Small Company's Pear Logo


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This really interesting video about how VFX artists get hired to heavily edit nudity and genitalia in feature films


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Alamo Drafthouse Offering Your Own Private Theater Reservations


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Faith leaders join forces to warn of Uighur ‘genocide’


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Kids robbed at gunpoint at Peoria lemonade stand


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2nd Red Banner Army

2nd Red Banner Army.
The 2nd Red Banner Army was a Soviet field army of World War II that was formed at Khabarovsk in the Soviet Far East in July 1938. It spent most of the war guarding the border in the Blagoveshchensk area, sending formations to the Eastern Front while undergoing several reorganizations. At the time of its creation, the unit was part of the army group known as the Far Eastern Front. The unit was designated as the 2nd Army and was led by corps commander Ivan Konev (pictured). It became the 2nd Independent Red Banner Army in September 1938 when the front was dissolved and its troops were split into two independent armies, and was redesignated in June 1940 as the 2nd Red Banner Army. In August 1945, the army fought in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria, capturing the Japanese fortified regions of Aihun and Sunwu adjacent to its sector of the border, and advancing into Manchuria to Qiqihar. The army was disbanded after the war in late 1945.

Disney Currently Has No Plans for More Live-Action Catalog on Physical 4K


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Fully black German shepherd !


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This is how our blind cat, Aldous, “sees” when he goes out on our balcony.


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Frances Allen, Who Helped Hardware Understand Software, Dies at 88


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Took me 2 years making this stop motion short out of paper!


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Extended Families Living Together Raise Risks For COVID-19 Transmission

Public health experts are concerned about the spread of the coronavirus within multigenerational households. Families of color tend to live in such households more than white families.
http://dlvr.it/RdGKgy

Lady Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton

 

Lady (Natalie) Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton, CBE, (born Cohasset, Massachusetts, August 6, 1909; died Andover, New Jersey, January 14, 2013) was an American socialite and philanthropist best known for organizing the "Bundles for Britain" campaign during World War II.

Early life[edit]

Born Natalie Scarritt Wales in Cohasset, Massachusetts, she was the daughter of inventor and businessman Nathaniel B. Wales, inventor of the Kelvinator refrigerator. Educated at the elite Spence School in New York City, classmates remembered her as "annoyingly popular with the opposite sex"; she once invited thirty boys to a tea party - and no other girls.[1] She was touring Europe at seventeen and almost married an English aristocrat, until her parents brought her home and sent her to Columbia University instead. She had her formal society debut the next year.

She married a stockbroker named Kenelm Winslow in 1929; they had two children, her daughters Natalie "Bubbles" (1930-1988) and Mary-Chilton "Mimi" (1934-2014), before they divorced. She married diplomat Edward Latham in 1937, a marriage that ended in divorce in 1939.

Bundles for Britain[edit]

Shortly after Winston Churchill became Prime Minister in May 1940, Natalie Latham sent a telegram to his wife Clementine asking what the British needed to help fight the war; Clementine replied that they needed warm socks for British sailors. Latham set to work, organizing her society friends and carefully following British Navy regulations. "Hopelessly fond of organizing"[2] as she said of herself and with many Americans anxious to help, "Bundles to Britain" soon became a major enterprise, raising money through a variety of means and shipping millions of dollars worth of goods to Britain - clothing, blankets, ambulances, X-ray machines, hospital beds, oxygen tents, surgical instruments, blood transfusion kits, tinned food and children’s cots. An auction in England featured several items donated by the queenAndrew Carnegie's wife made a major donation, actress Joan Crawford encouraged fans to send money to "Bundles" instead of buying her holiday gifts, and Eleanor Roosevelt spoke at a fundraiser. Hollywood fictionalized Natalie Latham as socialite "Laraine Day" in the 1943 movie Mr. Lucky.[3]

Another wartime effort of Latham's was the 1941 "Barkers for Britain" campaign, which raised money by selling membership tags for dogs. FalaFranklin Roosevelt's dog, was issued tag #1 and made honorary president of the organization. Over 30,000 tags were issued.[4] Another of her campaigns, "Bundles for America", raised money for needy Americans during the war.

After the war, Natalie Latham was made an honorary Commander of the British Empire.

Anti-Communism[edit]

In June 1947 Latham married Edward Bragg "Ned" Paine, another scion of a wealthy old New England family. In 1947 they founded an anti-Communist organization called "Common Cause" (not related to the modern public interest lobbying group). Paine died November 16, 1951, at the age of 42. Natalie Paine continued his work, encouraging the creation of a sister organization in Great Britain in late 1951, somewhat to the distress of the British Foreign Office.[5] One of the prominent members was Scottish Conservative MP Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton; while in England in 1953 to give speeches on anti-Communism, Natalie married him - following his divorce from Pamela Bowes Lyon, a cousin of the Queen Mother. After his term in Parliament ended in 1954 the couple moved to America. Now Lady Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton, she continued to be active in anti-Communist organizations. She founded the moralizing "Committee to Unite America".[6] She appeared on the conservative Manion Forum radio talk show to promote it.[7] In the late 1970s she was on the board of the American Security Council Education Foundation, which attempted to sue CBS over perceived bias in reporting on national security issues under the fairness doctrine.[8]

A charitable organization she founded, the Friends of Haiti, was accused by some of being too close to the dictator François Duvalier. She was in fact an enthusiastic supporter of Duvalier, at least in his early years in power.[9]

Scottish relations[edit]

In 1956 Lady Malcolm and her husband founded the American-Scottish Foundation to promote cultural relations between the two countries. Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton founded an air charter company in the early 1960s and enjoyed exploring remote areas of the world; he died July 21, 1964, in an airplane accident in Cameroon, along with his son Niall. In the early 1970s Lady Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton organized "Scotland Week" along Fifth Avenue in New York City, with store displays featuring Scottish themes, and in 1971 initiated an annual American-Scottish Ball at the Plaza Hotel featuring Highland dancing.[10]

Other activities[edit]

Lady Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton also headed the American Institute of Approval, a women's organization which aimed to promote good taste. The organization sponsored the House of Good Taste exhibit at the 1964 World's Fair in New York City.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.smh.com.au/national/new-york-socialite-bundled-for-britain-20130208-2e379.html Sydney Morning Herald obituary
  2. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/03/world/europe/lady-malcolm-douglas-hamilton-dies-at-103-aided-britain-in-war.html NY Times obituary for Lady Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton
  3. ^ Victory City: A History of New York and New Yorkers during World War II, John Strausbaugh, New York: Grand Central Publishing, 2018, n.n.
  4. ^ https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2006/winter/pieces-fala.html National Archives page on Fala and Barkers for Britain
  5. ^ The CIA, the British Left and the Cold War: Calling the Tune?, Hugh Wilford, Routledge, 2013, p. 68-9
  6. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1971/02/14/archives/63-form-a-group-to-guard-morals-unite-america-aims-to-end-erosion.html 63 Form a Group to Guard Morals, New York Times, February 14, 1971, p. 60
  7. ^ http://archives.nd.edu/findaids/ead/xml/mnn.xml Clarence Manion Papers, University of Notre Dame
  8. ^ https://law.justia.com/cases/federal/appellate-courts/F2/607/438/118466/ Justia entry for decision
  9. ^ https://www.muckrock.com/news/archives/2013/dec/18/lady-malcolm-douglas-hamilton/ Muckrock article with images of Douglas-Hamilton's FBI file
  10. ^ https://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/ladydouglashamilton.htm Electric Scotland entry for Lady Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton

Meg Mundy

 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Meg Mundy
Meg Mundy 1955.JPG
Meg Mundy in 1955
Born
Margaret Anne Mary Mundy

January 4, 1915
MaryleboneLondon, England, UK
DiedJanuary 12, 2016 (aged 101)
ManhattanNew York City, United States
OccupationActress
Years active1934–2001
Spouse(s)Konstantinos Yannopoulos (September 15, 1951-; divorced)[1]
Marc Daniels (1942[2]-51; divorced)
Children1

Margaret Anne Mary "Meg" Mundy (January 4, 1915 – January 12, 2016) was an English-born American actress and model. She was born in London,[3] but in 1921, at the age of six, moved to the United States.

Personal life[edit]

Mundy was born in Marylebone, London. Her mother, Australian opera singer Clytie Hine (1887–1983), studied at the Elder Conservatorium of Music in AdelaideSouth Australia. Her father was English cellist John Mundy. In 1921, the couple emigrated to the United States with their two children. Their father became orchestra manager of the Metropolitan Opera. After retiring as a performer, Hine coached opera singers and musical performers. Meg's younger brother was Columbia University history professor John Hine Mundy (1917-2004)[4] Mundy celebrated her 100th birthday on January 4, 2015 and died on January 12, 2016, at the age of 101.[5] She was survived by her son and granddaughter.[6]

Marriages[edit]

Career[edit]

In 1940, modeling agency founder Harry Conover cited Mundy as one of the 10 top models ("those who lure the highest salaries").[7] A newspaper article two years later reported that Mundy was "said to be Manhattan's highest paid model."[2]

Mundy debuted as a concert singer at Carnegie Hall in 1942.[8]

In 1948 Mundy starred in The Respectful Prostitute (see below), but Dorothy Parker professed ignorance: "Meg Mundy? What's that, a Welsh holiday?" (Film star Ann Dvorak succeeded Mundy in that role.) Mundy also played Mary McLeod, the lead female role, in the Broadway production of Detective Story; the role was later played by Eleanor Parker in the film.[9]

On television she played, among other roles, an antiques fancier on an episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents, and wealthy matriarch Mona Aldrich Croft on The Doctors from 1972–82, when the show ended. After playing the role of Isabelle Alden on the pilot for the new soap Loving, she briefly played Maeve Stoddard's imperious mother Julia on Guiding Light. She later played the role of Dimitri Marrick's wealthy aunt, Eugenia von Voynavitch on All My Children.

Her film credits included roles in Eyes of Laura Mars (1978), Oliver's Story (1978), The Bell Jar (1979), and as the mother of Mary Tyler Moore's character in Ordinary People (1980), which won the Academy Award as Best Picture Of The Year. She appeared in the 1983 Walter Matthau-Robin Williams film The Survivors, the 1987 films Fatal Attraction and Someone to Watch Over Me, and in two episodes of Law & Order in the 1990s.[3]

Awards[edit]

In 1948 Mundy won the Theatre World Award for her performance in The Respectful Prostitute at the Cort Theatre.[10]

In 1982 she was nominated for a Daytime Emmy award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Daytime Drama Series at the 9th Daytime Emmy Awards for her role on The Doctors.[3]

Filmography[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1978Eyes of Laura MarsDoris Spenser
1978Oliver's StoryMrs. Barrett
1979The Bell JarBea Ramsey
1980Ordinary PeopleGrandmother
1983The SurvivorsMace Lover
1987Fatal AttractionJoan Rogerson
1987Someone to Watch Over MeAntonia

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. Jump up to:a b c Durling, E.V. (September 29, 1942). "On the Side". Pennsylvania, Shamokin. Shamokin News-Dispatch. p. 4. Retrieved April 2, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  3. Jump up to:a b c Profile, IMDb.com; accessed November 21, 2015.
  4. ^ John Hine Mundy profile, historians.org; accessed November 17, 2014.
  5. ^ "Notice of death of Meg Mundy". The New York Times. January 20, 2016. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  6. ^ Obituary, nytimes.com; accessed January 20, 2016.
  7. ^ Barron, Mark (December 11, 1940). "Former Model Starts Agency". Pennsylvania, Wilkes-Barre. The Wilkes-Barre Record. p. 14. Retrieved April 2, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  8. ^ Stevenson, L.L. (May 28, 1942). "Lights of New York". Indiana, Greenfield. Greenfield Daily Reporter. p. 6. Retrieved April 2, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  9. ^ Detective Story profile, ibdb.com; accessed November 17, 2014.
  10. ^ Profile, IBDb.com; accessed November 17, 2014.

External links[edit]

Gene Tierney

 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Gene Tierney
Studio publicity Gene Tierney.jpg
Tierney in 1940s
Born
Gene Eliza Tierney

November 19, 1920
Brooklyn, New York City, U.S.
DiedNovember 6, 1991 (aged 70)
HoustonTexas, U.S.
Resting placeGlenwood Cemetery
NationalityAmerican
EducationSt. Margaret's School (Waterbury, Connecticut)
Unquowa School (Fairfield, Connecticut)
Brillantmont International School
Miss Porter's School
OccupationActress
Years active1938–1980
Height5 ft 5 14 in (166 cm)
Spouse(s)
  • (
    m. 1941; div. 1953)
  • W. Howard Lee
    (
    m. 1960; d. 1981)
Children2

Gene Eliza Tierney (November 19, 1920 – November 6, 1991)[1] was an American film and stage actress. Acclaimed as a great beauty, she became established as a leading lady.[2][3] Tierney was best known for her portrayal of the title character in the film Laura (1944), and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance as Ellen Berent Harland in Leave Her to Heaven (1945).[4]

Tierney's other roles include Martha Strable Van Cleve in Heaven Can Wait (1943), Isabel Bradley Maturin in The Razor's Edge (1946), Lucy Muir in The Ghost and Mrs. Muir (1947), Ann Sutton in Whirlpool (1949), Maggie Carleton McNulty in The Mating Season (1951), and Anne Scott in The Left Hand of God (1955).

Early life[edit]

Gene Eliza Tierney was born on November 19, 1920, in BrooklynNew York CityNew York, the daughter of Howard Sherwood Tierney and Belle Lavinia Taylor. She was named after a beloved uncle, who died young.[4][page needed] She had an elder brother, Howard Sherwood "Butch" Tierney Jr., and a younger sister, Patricia "Pat" Tierney. Their father was a successful insurance broker of Irish descent; their mother was a former physical education instructor.[4][page needed]

Tierney was raised in Westport, Connecticut. She attended St. Margaret's School in Waterbury, Connecticut, and the Unquowa School in Fairfield. She published her first poem, entitled "Night", in the school magazine and wrote poetry occasionally throughout her life. Tierney played Jo in a student production of Little Women, based on the novel by Louisa May Alcott.

Tierney spent two years in Europe, attending Brillantmont International School in LausanneSwitzerland, where she learned to speak fluent French. She returned to the US in 1938 and attended Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut. On a family trip to the West Coast, she visited Warner Bros. studios, where a cousin worked as a producer of historical short films. Director Anatole Litvak, taken by the 17-year-old's beauty, told Tierney that she should become an actress. Warner Bros. wanted to sign her to a contract, but her parents advised against it because of the relatively low salary; they also wanted her to take her position in society.[4][page needed]

Tierney's society debut occurred on September 24, 1938, when she was 17 years old.[4][page needed] Soon bored with society life, she decided to pursue an acting career. Her father said, "If Gene is to be an actress, it should be in the legitimate theatre."[5] Tierney studied acting at a small Greenwich Village acting studio in New York with Yiddish and Broadway actor/director Benno Schneider.[6] She became a protégée of Broadway producer-director George Abbott.[5][7]

Career[edit]

Broadway[edit]

In Tierney's first role on Broadway, she carried a bucket of water across the stage in What a Life! (1938). A Variety magazine critic declared, "Miss Tierney is certainly the most beautiful water carrier I've ever seen!" She also worked as an understudy in The Primrose Path (1938).

The following year, she appeared in the role of Molly O'Day in the Broadway production Mrs. O'Brien Entertains (1939).[4][page needed] New York Times critic Brooks Atkinson wrote, "As an Irish maiden fresh from the old country, Gene Tierney in her first stage performance is very pretty and refreshingly modest."[4][page needed] That same year, Tierney appeared as Peggy Carr in Ring Two (1939) to favorable reviews. Theater critic Richard Watts Jr. of the New York Herald Tribune wrote, "I see no reason why Miss Tierney should not have an interesting theatrical career – that is, if cinema does not kidnap her away."[4][page needed]

Tierney's father set up a corporation, Belle-Tier, to fund and promote her acting career. Columbia Pictures signed her to a six-month contract in 1939. She met Howard Hughes, who tried unsuccessfully to seduce her. From a well-to-do family herself, she was not impressed by his wealth.[4][page needed] Hughes eventually became a lifelong friend.

After a cameraman advised Tierney to lose a little weight, she wrote to Harper's Bazaar magazine for a diet, which she followed for the next 25 years. Tierney was initially offered the lead role in National Velvet, but production was delayed.[4][page needed] When Columbia Pictures failed to find Tierney a project, she returned to Broadway and starred as Patricia Stanley to critical and commercial success in The Male Animal (1940). In The New York Times, Brooks Atkinson wrote, "Tierney blazes with animation in the best performance she has yet given".[4][page needed] She was the toast of Broadway before her 20th birthday. The Male Animal was a hit, and Tierney was featured in Life. She was also photographed by Harper's BazaarVogue, and Collier's Weekly.[4][page needed]

Two weeks after The Male Animal opened, Darryl F. Zanuck, the head of 20th Century Fox, was rumored to have been in the audience. During the performance, he told an assistant to note Tierney's name. Later that night, Zanuck dropped by the Stork Club, where he saw a young lady on the dance floor. He told his assistant, "Forget the girl from the play. See if you can sign that one." She was Tierney. At first, Zanuck did not think she was the actress he had seen. Tierney was quoted (after the fact), saying: "I always had several different 'looks', a quality that proved useful in my career."[4][page needed][7]

Film career[edit]

Gene Tierney in the film trailer for Laura (1944)

Tierney signed with 20th Century-Fox[4][page needed] and her motion picture debut was in a supporting role as Eleanor Stone in Fritz Lang's Western The Return of Frank James (1940), opposite Henry Fonda.

A small role as Barbara Hall followed in Hudson's Bay (1941) with Paul Muni and she co-starred as Ellie Mae Lester in John Ford's comedy Tobacco Road (also 1941), and played the title role in Belle Starr alongside co-star Randolph Scott, Zia in Sundown, and Victoria Charteris (Poppy Smith) in The Shanghai Gesture. She played Eve in Son of Fury: The Story of Benjamin Blake (1942), as well as the dual role of Susan Miller (Linda Worthington) in Rouben Mamoulian's screwball comedy Rings on Her Fingers, and roles as Kay Saunders in Thunder Birds, and Miss Young in China Girl (all 1942).[citation needed]

Receiving top billing in Ernst Lubitsch's comedy Heaven Can Wait (1943), as Martha Strable Van Cleve, signaled an upward turn in Tierney's career. Tierney recalled during the production of Heaven Can Wait:

Lubitsch was a tyrant on the set, the most demanding of directors. After one scene, which took from noon until five to get, I was almost in tears from listening to Lubitsch shout at me. The next day I sought him out, looked him in the eye, and said, 'Mr. Lubitsch, I'm willing to do my best but I just can't go on working on this picture if you're going to keep shouting at me.' 'I'm paid to shout at you', he bellowed. 'Yes', I said, 'and I'm paid to take it – but not enough.' After a tense pause, Lubitsch broke out laughing. From then on we got along famously.[4][page needed]

Tierney starred in what became her best-remembered role: the title role in Otto Preminger's film noir Laura (1944), opposite Dana Andrews. After playing Tina Tomasino in A Bell for Adano (1945), she played the jealous, narcissistic femme fatale Ellen Berent Harland in Leave Her to Heaven (1945), adapted from a best-selling novel by Ben Ames Williams. Appearing with Cornel Wilde, Tierney won an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. This was 20th Century-Fox' most successful film of the 1940s. It was cited by director Martin Scorsese as one of his favorite films of all time, and he assessed Tierney as one of the most underrated actresses of the Golden Era.[8]

Tierney then starred as Miranda Wells in Dragonwyck (1946), along with Walter Huston and Vincent Price. It was Joseph L. Mankiewicz' debut film as a director. In the same period, she starred as Isabel Bradley, opposite Tyrone Power, in The Razor's Edge (also 1946), an adaptation of W. Somerset Maugham's novel of the same name. Her performance was critically praised.[citation needed]

Tierney played Lucy Muir in Mankiewicz's The Ghost and Mrs. Muir (1947), opposite Rex Harrison.[9] The following year, she co-starred again with Power, this time as Sara Farley in the successful screwball comedy That Wonderful Urge (1948). As the decade came to a close, Tierney reunited with Laura director Preminger to star as Ann Sutton in the classic film noir Whirlpool (1949), co-starring Richard Conte and José Ferrer. She appeared in two other films noir: Jules Dassin's Night and the City, shot in London, and Otto Preminger's Where the Sidewalk Ends (both 1950), reunited with both Preminger and leading man Dana Andrews, with whom she appeared in five movies total.[citation needed]

From the trailer for The Ghost and Mrs. Muir (1947)

Tierney was lent to Paramount Pictures, giving a comic turn as Maggie Carleton in Mitchell Leisen's ensemble farceThe Mating Season (1951), with John LundThelma Ritter, and Miriam Hopkins.[4][page needed] She gave a tender performance as Midge Sheridan in the Warner Bros. film, Close to My Heart (1951), with Ray Milland. The film is about a couple trying to adopt a child.[4][page needed] Later in her career, she was reunited with Milland in Daughter of the Mind (1969).

After Tierney appeared opposite Rory Calhoun as Teresa in Way of a Gaucho (1952), her contract at 20th Century-Fox expired. That same year, she starred as Dorothy Bradford in Plymouth Adventure, opposite Spencer Tracy at MGM. Tracy and she had a brief affair during this time.[10] Tierney played Marya Lamarkina opposite Clark Gable in Never Let Me Go (1953), filmed in England.[4][page needed]

In the course of the 1940s, she reached a pinnacle of fame as a beautiful leading lady, on a par with "fellow sirens Rita Hayworth, Lana Turner and Ava Gardner".[2] She was "called the most beautiful woman in movie history" and many of her movies in the 1940s became classic films.[3]

Tierney remained in Europe to play Kay Barlow in United ArtistsPersonal Affair (1953). While in Europe, she began a romance with Prince Aly Khan, but their marriage plans met with fierce opposition from his father Aga Khan III.[11] Early in 1953, Tierney returned to the U.S. to co-star in the film noir Black Widow (1954) as Iris Denver, with Ginger Rogers and Van Heflin.

Health[edit]

Tierney had reportedly started smoking after a screening of her first movie to lower her voice, because she felt that she sounded "like an angry Minnie Mouse."[12] She subsequently became a heavy smoker.[12]

Pin-up photo in World War II magazine Brief

With difficult events in her personal life, Tierney struggled for years with episodes of manic depression. In 1943, she gave birth to a daughter, Daria, who was deaf and mentally disabled, the result of a fan breaking a rubella quarantine and infecting the pregnant Tierney while she volunteered at the Hollywood Canteen.[13] In 1953, she suffered problems with concentration, which affected her film appearances. She dropped out of Mogambo and was replaced by Grace Kelly.[4][page needed] While playing Anne Scott in The Left Hand of God (1955), opposite Humphrey Bogart, Tierney became ill. Bogart's sister Frances (known as Pat) had suffered from mental illness, so he showed Tierney great sympathy, feeding her lines during the production and encouraging her to seek help.[4][page needed]

Tierney consulted a psychiatrist and was admitted to Harkness Pavilion in New York. Later, she went to the Institute of Living in Hartford, Connecticut. After some 27 shock treatments, intended to alleviate severe depression, Tierney fled the facility, but was caught and returned. She later became an outspoken opponent of shock treatment therapy, claiming it had destroyed significant portions of her memory.[citation needed]

In late December 1957, Tierney, from her mother's apartment in Manhattan, stepped onto a ledge 14 stories above ground and remained for about 20 minutes in what was considered a suicide attempt.[13] Police were called, and afterwards, Tierney's family arranged for her to be admitted to the Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas. The following year, after treatment for depression, she was discharged. Afterwards, she worked as a sales girl in a local dress shop with hopes of integrating back into society,[13] but she was recognized by a customer, resulting in sensational newspaper headlines.[citation needed]

Later in 1958, 20th Century-Fox offered Tierney a lead role in Holiday for Lovers (1959), but the stress upon her proved too great, so only days into production, she dropped out of the film and returned to Menninger for a time.[13]

Comeback[edit]

Tierney made a screen comeback in Advise and Consent (1962), co-starring with Franchot Tone and reuniting with director Otto Preminger.[4][page needed] Soon afterwards, she played Albertine Prine in Toys in the Attic (1963), based on the play by Lillian Hellman. This was followed by the international production of Las cuatro noches de la luna llena, (Four Nights of the Full Moon - 1963), in which she starred with Dan Dailey. She received critical praise overall for her performances.[citation needed]

Tierney's career as a solid character actress seemed to be back on track as she played Jane Barton in The Pleasure Seekers (1964), but then she suddenly retired. She returned to star in the television movie Daughter of the Mind (1969) with Don Murray and Ray Milland. Her final performance was in the TV miniseries Scruples (1980).[4][page needed]

Personal life[edit]

Tierney married two men: the first was Oleg Cassini, a costume and fashion designer, on June 1, 1941, with whom she eloped. She was 20 years old. Her parents opposed the marriage, as he was from a Russian-Italian family and born in France.[13] She had two daughters, Antoinette Daria Cassini (October 15, 1943 – September 11, 2010)[14] and Christina "Tina" Cassini (November 19, 1948 – March 31, 2015).

In June 1943, while pregnant with Daria, Tierney contracted rubella (German measles), likely from a fan ill with the disease.[13] Antoinette Daria Cassini was born prematurely in Washington, DC, weighing three pounds, two ounces (1.42 kg) and requiring a total blood transfusion. The rubella caused congenital damage: Daria was deaf, partially blind with cataracts, and severely mentally disabled. She was institutionalized for much of her life.[13] This entire incident was inspiration for a plot point in the 1962 Agatha Christie novel The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side.[citation needed]

Tierney's friend Howard Hughes paid for Daria's medical expenses, ensuring the girl received the best care. Tierney never forgot his acts of kindness.[4] Daria Cassini died in 2010, at the age of 66.

Tierney and Cassini separated October 20, 1946, and entered into a property settlement agreement on November 10.[15] Periodicals during this period record Tierney with Charles K. Feldman,[16] including articles related to her "twosoming" with Feldman, her "current best beau".[17] The divorce was to be finalized in March 1948, but they reconciled before then.[18]

During their separation, Tierney met John F. Kennedy, a young World War II veteran, who was visiting the set of Dragonwyck in 1946. They began a romance that she ended the following year after Kennedy told her he could never marry her because of his political ambitions.[10] In 1960, Tierney sent Kennedy a note of congratulations on his victory in the presidential election. During this time, newspapers documented Tierney's other romantic relationships, including Kirk Douglas.[19]

While filming for Personal Affair in Europe, she began a romance with Prince Aly Khan.[11] They became engaged in 1952, while Khan was going through a divorce from Rita Hayworth.[20] Their marriage plans, however, met with fierce opposition from his father, Aga Khan III.[11]

Cassini later bequeathed $500,000 in trust to Daria and $1,000,000 to Christina.[21][22] Cassini and Tierney remained friends until her death in November 1991.

In 1958, Tierney met Texas oil baron W. Howard Lee, who had been married to actress Hedy Lamarr since 1953. Lee and Lamarr divorced in 1960 after a long battle over alimony,[23] then Lee and Tierney married in Aspen, Colorado, on July 11, 1960. They lived quietly in Houston, Texas, and Delray Beach, Florida[13] until his death in 1981.[23]

Despite her self-imposed exile in Texas, Tierney received work offers from Hollywood, prompting her to a comeback. She appeared in a November 1960 broadcast of General Electric Theater, during which time she discovered that she was pregnant. Shortly after, 20th Century Fox announced Tierney would play the lead role in Return to Peyton Place, but she withdrew from the production after suffering a miscarriage.[24]

Later years[edit]

Tierney's autobiography, Self-Portrait, in which she candidly discusses her life, career, and mental illness, was published in 1979.

In 1986, Tierney was honored alongside actor Gregory Peck with the first Donostia Lifetime Achievement Award at the San Sebastian Film Festival in Spain.[25]

Tierney has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6125 Hollywood Boulevard.

Death[edit]

Tierney died of emphysema on November 6, 1991, in Houston, 13 days before her 71st birthday.[1] She is interred in Glenwood Cemetery in Houston.

Certain documents of Tierney's film-related material, personal papers, letters, etc., are held in the Wesleyan University Cinema Archives, though her papers are closed to the public.[26]

Broadway credits[edit]

YearTitleFormat/genreRoleStaged by
1938What A Life!Original Play, ComedyWalk on, Water carrierGeorge Abbott
1938The Primrose PathOriginal Play, Drama/ComedyUnderstudyGeorge Abbott
1939Mrs O'Brien EntertainsOriginal Play, ComedyMolly O'DayGeorge Abbott
1939Ring TwoOriginal Play, ComedyPeggy CarrGeorge Abbott
1940The Male AnimalOriginal Play, ComedyPatricia StanleyHerman Shumlin

Filmography[edit]

YearTitleRoleDirectorOther cast membersNotes
1940The Return of Frank JamesEleanor StoneFritz LangHenry FondaTechnicolor
1941Hudson's BayBarbara HallIrving Pichel
1941Tobacco RoadEllie Mae LesterJohn Ford
1941Belle StarrBelle StarrIrving Cummings
Technicolor
1941SundownZiaHenry HathawayBruce Cabot
1941The Shanghai GestureVictoria Charteris aka
Poppy Smith
Josef von SternbergWalter Huston
1942Son of Fury: The Story of Benjamin BlakeEveJohn CromwellTyrone PowerSepia tone (sequences)
1942Rings on Her FingersSusan Miller (aka Linda Worthington)Rouben MamoulianHenry Fonda
1942Thunder BirdsKay SaundersWilliam A. WellmanTechnicolor
1942China GirlMiss Haoli YoungHenry HathawayGeorge Montgomery
1943Heaven Can WaitMartha Strabel Van CleveErnst LubitschDon AmecheTechnicolor
1944LauraLaura HuntOtto Preminger
1945A Bell for AdanoTina TomasinoHenry KingJohn Hodiak
1945Leave Her to HeavenEllen Berent HarlandJohn M. Stahl
1946DragonwyckMiranda Wells Van RynJoseph L. Mankiewicz
  • Walter Huston
  • Vincent Price
1946The Razor's EdgeIsabel Bradley MaturinEdmund Goulding
1947The Ghost and Mrs. MuirLucy MuirJoseph L. Mankiewicz
1948The Iron CurtainAnna GouzenkoWilliam A. WellmanDana Andrews
1948That Wonderful UrgeSara FarleyRobert B. SinclairTyrone Power
1949WhirlpoolAnn SuttonOtto Preminger
1950Night and the CityMary BristolJules DassinRichard Widmark
1950Where the Sidewalk EndsMorgan Taylor (Payne)Otto PremingerDana Andrews
1951The Mating SeasonMaggie Carleton McNultyMitchell Leisen
1951On the RivieraLili DuranWalter LangDanny KayeTechnicolor
1951The Secret of Convict LakeMarcia StoddardMichael GordonGlenn Ford
1951Close to My HeartMidge SheridanWilliam KeighleyRay Milland
1952Way of a GauchoTeresaJacques TourneurRory CalhounTechnicolor
1952Plymouth AdventureDorothy BradfordClarence BrownTechnicolor
1953Never Let Me GoMarya LamarkinaDelmer DavesClark Gable
1953Personal AffairKay BarlowAnthony Pelissier
1954Black WidowIris DenverNunnally JohnsonCinemaScope, Deluxe color
1954The EgyptianBaketamonMichael CurtizCinemaScope, Deluxe color
1955The Left Hand of GodAnne ScottEdward DmytrykHumphrey BogartCinemaScope, Deluxe color
1962Advise & ConsentDolly HarrisonOtto PremingerPanavision
1963Toys in the AtticAlbertine PrineGeorge Roy Hill
1963Las cuatro noches de la luna llenaSobey MartinDan DaileyEnglish title: Four Nights of the Full Moon
1964The Pleasure SeekersJane BartonJean NegulescoCinemaScope, Deluxe color

Television credits[edit]

YearTitleRoleOther cast membersNotes
1947The Sir Charles Mendl ShowHerselfHost: Sir Charles Mendl
1953Toast of the TownHerselfHost: Ed SullivanEpisode #6.33
195426th Academy AwardsHerselfHost: Donald O'ConnorFredric MarchPresenter: Costume Design Awards
1957What's My Line?HerselfHost: John Charles DalyEpisode: August 25, Mystery guest[27]
1960General Electric TheaterEllen GallowayHost: Ronald ReaganEpisode: "Journey to a Wedding"
1969The F.B.I.Faye SimpsonEfrem Zimbalist Jr.Episode: "Conspiracy of Silence"
1969Daughter of the MindLenore ConstableRay MillandTV movie
1974The Merv Griffin ShowHerselfHost: Merv Griffin
1979The Merv Griffin ShowHerselfHost: Merv Griffin
1980The Tonight Show Starring Johnny CarsonHerselfHost: Johnny Carson
1980The Mike Douglas ShowHerselfHost: Mike Douglas
1980Dinah!HerselfHost: Dinah Shore
1980ScruplesHarriet ToppingtonLindsay WagnerTV miniseries
1999BiographyHerself (archive material)Host: Peter Graves"Gene Tierney: A Shattered Portrait", biographical documentary, March 26

Radio appearances[edit]

YearProgramEpisode/source
1945Old Gold Comedy TheatreA Lady Takes a Chance[28]
1946Lux Radio TheatreDragonwyck[29]
1946Hollywood Star TimeBedelia[30]

Quotes[edit]

By Tierney[edit]

  • "I don't think Howard [Hughes] could love anything that did not have a motor in it."[13]
  • "Joe Schenck, a top 20th Century-Fox executive, once said to me that he really believed I had a future, and that was because I was the only girl who could survive so many bad pictures." —quoted in The RKO Girls

Cultural references[edit]

  • Tierney was ranked number 71 in Premiere Magazine's list of "The 100 Sexiest Movie Stars of All Time".[31]
  • A noted comedy routine between Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis involved Lewis (in boxing shorts and gear) stating that he's fighting Gene Tierney.[32] This plays on the similarly named Gene Tunney, who held the world heavyweight boxing title from 1926 to 1928.
  • In "House Arrest", a third-season episode of M*A*S*H*, the actors watch Tierney in Leave Her to Heaven. After Cornel Wilde kisses Tierney passionately, Hawkeye Pierce says, "If he straightens out that overbite, I'll kill him."
  • Tierney was featured as the heroine of a novel, Gene Tierney and the Invisible Wedding Gift (1947), written by Kathryn Heisenfelt.[33]
  • Agatha Christie is widely assumed to have drawn the basic idea for her 1962 novel The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side from the real-life German measles tragedy of Tierney and her baby.
  • The Off-Broadway Musical Violet references Gene Tierney several times. The main character Violet states that she wants a pair of "Gene Tierney eyes" due to the fact that her face was disfigured after an accident involving her father.
  • Tierney is routinely discussed in the 2005 Irish novel An Evening of Long Goodbyes by Paul Murray

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up to:a b Severo, Richard (November 8, 1991). "Gene Tierney, 70, Star of 'Laura' And 'Leave Her to Heaven', Dies"The New York Times. Retrieved November 21, 2007.
  2. Jump up to:a b "Gene Tierney Biography"Turner Classics Movies. Retrieved August 20, 2018Tierney emerged as a leading lady of equal beauty and depth...Tierney attained a strata of celebrity that put her on par with fellow sirens Rita Hayworth, Lana Turner and Ava Gardner"
  3. Jump up to:a b Vogel, Michelle (2009). Gene Tierney: A Biography. McFarland. ISBN 978-0786458325Called the most beautiful woman in movie history, Gene Tierney starred in a number of 1940s classics, including LauraLeave Her to Heaven and The Ghost and Mrs. Muir.
  4. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Self-Portrait. Tierney and Herskowitz (1979). Wyden Books. pp. 1, 9-10, 14, 18, 19, 21, 23, 25-26, 27, 33, 36, 38, 65-66, 91, 97, 101, 119, 131, 133, 141-42, 144, 150-51, 164-65, 192-192, 207. ISBN 0883261529
  5. Jump up to:a b "Debutante Gene Tierney Makes Her Entrance In A Broadway Success", Life Magazine, February 19, 1940. Vol 8, No. 8, p. 25.
  6. ^ Malcolm Goldstein, The Political Stage (Oxford University Press, 1974), 45; Claude Amey, Le Théâtre d'agit-prop de 1917 à 1932 (Lausanne: L'âge d'Homme, 1977), 160; and Edna Nahshon, ed., New York's Yiddish Theater: From the Bowery to Broadway (NY: Columbia University Press, 2016), 179-86.
  7. Jump up to:a b Gene Tierney: A Shattered Portrait, The Biography Channel, March 26, 1999 interview with Gene Tierney's sister Patricia.
  8. ^ Martin Scorsese discusses Leave Her to Heaven at the 45th New York Film Festival on YouTube
  9. ^ Gene Tierney: A Shattered Portrait. The Biography Channel, March 26, 1999 interview with film scholar Jeanine Basinger.
  10. Jump up to:a b Osborne (2006). Chronicle Books. Leading Ladies. p. 195.
  11. Jump up to:a b c Self-Portrait. Tierney and Herskowitz (1979). Wyden Books. pp. 179-193.
  12. Jump up to:a b "Biography". Gene Tierney The Official Web Site. Archived from the original on February 7, 2012. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
  13. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i Demaret, Kent (May 7, 1979). "Gene Tierney Began Her Trip Back from Madness on a Ledge 14 Floors Above the Street"People. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  14. ^ "Daria Cassini, Obituary"The New York Times. September 13, 2010. Retrieved August 20, 2018 – via Legacy.com.
  15. ^ Hopper, Hedda (April 9, 1948). "Gene Tierney and Mate Reconciled". Los Angeles Times. p. 2.
  16. ^ Hopper, Hedda (February 18, 1948). "Hedda Hopper's Looking at Hollywood". Harrisburg Telegraph. p. 22. Retrieved July 23, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ Edyth Gwynn (April 1, 1948). "Hollywood". Pottstown Mercury. p. 19 – via Newspapers.com.
  18. ^ Orth, Maureen (August 19, 2010). "Cassini Royale"Vanity Fair.
  19. ^ Parsons, Louella O. (February 27, 1952). "Ginger Is Making Much Moola; Begins Television Work in Fall". Louella's Movie Go Round. Albuquerque Journal. p. 19 – via Newspapers.com.
  20. ^ The Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Belmont Stakes: A Comprehensive Historyp. 179
  21. ^ "Courthouse NewsService". Courthousenews.com. February 18, 2010. Retrieved July 5,2010.
  22. ^ Crowley, Kieran (December 21, 2009). "Oleg Cassini's daughters from marriage to Gene Tierney take step toward getting a large piece of the designer's estate". NYPOST.com. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  23. Jump up to:a b "W. Howard Lee"The New York Times. August 18, 1981. Retrieved November 21,2007.
  24. ^ GENE TIERNEY BIOGRAPHY in: www.tcm.com (Turner Classics Movies) [retrieved January 12, 2017].
  25. ^ Gene Tierney: A Shattered Portrait, The Biography Channel. March 26, 1999.
  26. ^ "Cinema Archives"Wesleyan University. Retrieved October 7, 2010.
  27. ^ What's My Line? - Gene Tierney; Ernie Kovacs (panel) (Aug 25, 1957)
  28. ^ "Radio's Golden Age". Nostalgia Digest38 (3): 40–41. Summer 2012.
  29. ^ "Theatre Date". Harrisburg Telegraph. October 5, 1946. p. 17. Retrieved October 1,2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  30. ^ "Hollywood Host". Harrisburg Telegraph. October 26, 1946. p. 21. Retrieved September 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  31. ^ "The 100 Sexiest Movie Stars of All Time - 71. Gene Tierney". premiere.com. Archived from the original on April 6, 2009. Retrieved May 6, 2014Tierney, a classic beauty, may at first seem too elegant to be a sex symbol, but her Oscar-nominated performance as the femme fatale in Leave Her to Heaven firmly established her sexy cred. Plus, Tierney owned her look. She didn't let studio executives mess with her hair color or length, and refused to fix a slight overbite, earning extra sexy points for confidence.
  32. ^ Gene Tierney: A Shattered Portrait, The Biography Channel. March 26, 1999.
  33. ^ "Whitman Authorized Editions for Girls".

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

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